This paper covers the factors relating to public and private sector commitment to food fortification and crop biofortification – and how this impacts the success or failure of reducing micronutrient deficiencies in low and middle income countries. It reviews four business models for fortification and biofortification: public led, private led, multi-sector partnerships and community-led models. The authors find that to take these programmes to scale, enabling legislative and regulatory environments to are key to implementation and to encouraging private sector engagement. The paper also looks at the factors that make different ‘vehicles’ for food fortification – affordable commodities such as staple foods (cereals, roots, and tubers) and condiments (salt and oil) – more or less successful, especially for targeting the bottom of the pyramid. Overall, a really helpful read to get a sense of which models work, where, for which product, and for whom (see Figure 4).
This resource has been peer reviewed