2020 report: Pathways to sustainable land-use and food systems

The Food, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land-Use, and Energy (FABLE) Consortium
Resource type:
Reports and discussion papers

In this second report of the FABLE Consortium, country teams present 20 national pathways towards sustainable land-use and food systems. The updated pathways show how countries can meet 2050 objectives on food security, healthy diets, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, forest conservation and freshwater use. National FABLE Pathways are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the objectives of the Paris Agreement. They ensure consistent trade flows and can inform long-term climate strategies towards net-zero greenhouse gas emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as well as biodiversity strategies under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

This report presents information on coordinated pathway design towards sustainable land-use and food systems prepared by 20 country teams from developed and developing countries. The report begins by exploring the crisis and momentum in sustainable land use and food systems in the year 2020 due to COVID-19.

The fable approach to coordinated pathway design explores the following: 

  • Agreement on global targets 
    • Land and biodiversity 
    • GHG emissions 
    • Food security 
    • Freshwater use 
    • Nitrogen and phosphorus release
  • Develop national pathways 
    • Developing alternative pathways 
    • Inclusion of climate change impacts 
    • Automatic verification of key model parameters and results 
  • Ensuring globally consistent national pathways 
  • Stakeholder engagement to test assumptions and build buy-in

The report then discusses their global FABLE results through topics including:

  • Land and biodiversity 
  • GHG emissions 
  • Food security 
  • Freshwater use 

Finally, the FABLE 2020 report finishes with sustainable land use and food systems pathways for individual countries. Putting their ideas to action, this section of the report offers tangible, real world context to achieving sustainable pathways. From Colombia to Malaysia to Brazil, FABLE elaborates on the data as it pertains to specific countries. This report encompasses the need and the potential in sustainable land-use and food systems. 


You may also be interested in the 2019 report: 2019 FABLE Report and Country Chapters

This resource presents evidence or data but has not been peer reviewed