Manuals for the manufacture of complementary foods - Ethiopia, Kenya and Rwanda

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)
Resource type:
Case studies and tools

These manuals have been prepared for those interested in producing and supplying complementary foods. While these reports for prepared specifically for Ethiopia, Kenya and Rwanda, they also contain generic information that is applicable to complementary food manufacture in any country. These manuals focus on the principles behind and requirements for the manufacture blended porridges that have been fortified with macronutrients (e.g. protein and fat) and/or micronutrients (vitamins and minerals).

The manuals, and any related training, are designed to provide information to interested individuals, businesses or organisation so they can better understand the key aspects of the theory behind complementary foods as well as key information on their composition, ingredients, processing, and quality and regulatory requirements. Each manual is broken down into the following categories to guide readers:

  1. Introduction
  2. What is a complementary food?
  3. An introduction to basic nutritional requirements and nutrients in complementary foods
  4. Nutritional status and consumption data for complementary feeding age group in Ethiopia
  5. Background to the health and nutritional principles behind complementary foods
  6. Summary of global recommendations for composition of complementary foods
  7. Key raw materials for complementary foods
  8. Complementary food raw material availability in each country
  9. Potential manufacturing technologies for complementary foods
  10. Fortification of complementary foods
  11. Packaging and storage of complementary foods
  12. Quality systems for complementary foods
  13. Regulatory requirements for complementary foods
  14. Regulatory requirements for complementary foods in each country
  15. Principles for developing complementary food formulations and processing
  16. Commercial aspects of complementary food manufacture
  17. Technical resources
  18. Annexes

To learn more, download the manual: 

This resource presents evidence or data but has not been peer reviewed