Financial Markets Roadmap for Transforming the Global Food System

Planet Tracker
Resource type:
Reports and discussion papers

The global food system is a significant source of harm to the climate, to nature and to society. Unless it is transformed, financial institutions will be unable to meet their Net Zero ambitions and (more importantly) humanity will be unable to meets its ambitions to limit climate heating to +1.5ºC by 2050, and to restore nature and achieve the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (including ‘zero hunger’) before 2030. The financial consequences of this collective failure will be significant. Private finance has a major role to play in supporting and driving the required transformation of the food system. We estimate nearly USD 9 trillion of private finance is currently supporting the global food system (63% of its estimated asset value of USD 14 trillion) and that private finance already has the capacity to provide c.USD 630 billion annually.

This report sets out four food system transformation themes that financial institutions should focus on to ensure they are aligning their capital and investment processes with the food system changes required:

  • Responsible supply chains
  • Increase food system (true cost) efficiency
  • Reduce pollution
  • Sustainable product offerings

Financial institutions should use these themes as the basis to construct a food system investment strategy to guide their capital allocation and engagement with companies and governments. For those financial institutions that want to take immediate action we have identified six Priority Actions to achieve before 2030 that fit within our Four Themes framework and have the potential to significantly reduce the harms coming from the current food system. Financial institutions can undertake all six Priority Actions or select those that best fit their investment philosophies and portfolios. Financial Institutions should aim to achieve these Priority Actions before 2030:

  • Fully traceable supply chains
  • Halve food loss and waste
  • Stop deforestation
  • Cut methane emissions by 45%
  • Make agriculture/aquaculture systems regenerative
  • Invest in alternative proteins 


Photo Credit: Pexels/Pixabay

This resource presents evidence or data but has not been peer reviewed